The French bulldog: Cost, Life Expectancy, and Character

French Bulldog

The French bulldog is a small-sized Molossian. 

She is brave, loyal, and very attached to her social circle. Her attachment, however, leads to her being possessive to a certain extent.

This pleasant companion dog is unsportsmanlike but likes to play with young and old as long as it doesn’t get too tiring.

He is a short-headed breed, and his flat muzzle does not allow him to breathe well enough to withstand some activity’s intensity.

For these dogs, the owners’ presence is significant – they fear nothing more than loneliness.

The French bulldog fits many different dog owner profiles and knows how to adapt to numerous situations.

Important Information

  • French Bulldog: Life Expectancy: 9 – 11 years
  • Character: affectionate, playful
  • Size: Small
  • Coat type: Short-haired
  • Price: Between $1,000-$7000

French bulldog: colors, size, and appearance


Female between 24 and 32 cm

Male between 27 and 35 cm

French bulldog: weight

Female between 8 and 13 kg

Male between 9 and 14 kg

Coat Color

The fur can be of different colors:

  • Fawn brown (there are many different shades – from red to milk coffee colors, from light to dark)
  • Brindle (fawn with stripes, slightly mackerel)
  • Caille (brindle coat with more or less pronounced white spotting)
  • Fawn and white (fawn fur with more or less prominent white spotting)

Mostly white dogs are also allowed but are not in great demand because of the risk of deafness associated with this coat color. A black mask, on the other hand, is trendy. Blue French Bulldogs do not fall under the breed standards.

Fur Type

The fur is short.

It’s dense, shiny, and soft. This dog has no undercoat.

Eye Color

The eyes are dark regardless of the coat color.

Description of Appearance

Despite its small size, the French bulldog is strong. Her bones are solid, and her body is muscular. Everything about it is short and stocky, which makes it very compact. Her angular head, upright ears, and flat muzzle sometimes give her a lousy expression in stark contrast to her very gentle character.

French Bulldog: Temperament and Character



His social environment is crucial to this small-sized Molossian, and he can be very affectionate and very reserved. Despite this inconsistency, he is a delightful companion dog who loves to be the center of attention, entertaining his audience or being petted.

The French bulldog’s limitless affection sometimes leads them to be a bit possessive about their owner.


The French bulldog is very active, happy, and loves to play. Sometimes you need to help her let off a little steam. She loves to play with children, but parental supervision is required to get the game up and running, and most importantly, get the game back up. The little Molosser may fail to stop until he is completely exhausted.


This little dog has a happy but also peaceful nature. Which of these two character traits develops more strongly depends primarily on his upbringing, his character, but also his ancestry.

In any case, the dog usually succeeds in adapting and getting in its counterpart’s mood, be it with children or with seniors.


 This small-sized Molossian is an intelligent dog that is often not trusted enough. They are often viewed as a simple companion dog who does nothing but sleep and snore on the sofa. His abilities sometimes take a back seat.

However, if you like, you can do individual training sessions with him and reward his desired behavior; this dog shows quite a lot of talent.

Happy to Hunt

The French bulldog has very little hunting instinct and is not a hunting dog at all. She is happy to play or indifferent to other animal species.


The French bulldog is not at all fearful or aggressive towards strangers. She greets guests enthusiastically and is enthusiastic about anyone who pays her some attention.

However, she is quite possessive and focused on her owners, so she always prefers contact with them when they are around.


This dog can be very affectionate towards members of its social group. However, it is not uncommon for him to keep his distance, especially when he wants to rest in bed or on the sofa.

This could be interpreted as individual independence, but appearances are deceptive: the French bulldog always looks for sleeping places where their owners’ smell sticks.

French Bulldog Behavior

Can Stay Alone

Her sensitivity and close bond with her owners make her a dog who finds it difficult to endure loneliness. To fully develop, she must not be alone. So you can’t leave this dog all alone for long periods.


As they are called in English, the stubborn French bulldog can make their owners quite angry at times. But with patience and determination combined with a balanced and fair attitude, you win the stubborn little head for cooperation.

This little Molossian needs to be raised from puppyhood, and the basics of training should taught so that he can integrate as well as possible into his social group and society in general.

Despite their looks, the French bulldog has an overall somewhat sensitive character. Therefore, coercion and brutal training methods would only damage the relationship between the dog and its owner.

The strict teachings must be conveyed very gently to not harm this little dog physically or emotionally. Entertaining, educational training with games and/or treats as a reward are best suited for this.

This Little Dog Needs a Strict but Loving Hand.

Last but not least, you mustn’t neglect your education just because it is a small dog. Regardless of the size of the dog you choose, good training is essential.


These little dogs have a reputation for “singing.” They have a rather unusual way of expressing their excitement, dissatisfaction, or impatience.

But this little bulldog never barks without good reason. If she barks, efforts should be made to understand the cause and, if necessary, to resolve the problem.


This little Molossian is far too attached to his social group, and especially to his comfort zone, for him to think about taking a break. It is infinitely loyal to its owners.

Little Destroyer 

The French bulldog can be destructive especially as a puppy because the teeth come through to get attention or simply keep themselves occupied.

It is vital to give their appropriate toys to chew on and not respond to their constant attention demands. Regular activities should be offered to her so that the destructiveness is only a phase and does not become a bad habit.

Loves Food

The love for food is arguably the dog’s greatest weakness. Without exaggerating, he’d be willing to walk over dead bodies for a piece of ham.

Joking aside, you have to be very careful with this trait, as it is to blame for many French Bulldogs to be overweight.

French Bulldog as a Guard Dog

Physically, this little Molosser is not very intimidating despite its strong muscles. Still, he can be a good watchdog. But be careful: you shouldn’t rely on him 100%, because he can be easily outwitted with a treat or a caress.

French Bulldog as The first dog

The positive characteristics and small size of this dog make it a perfect companion for dogs with no experience. Besides, it fits many different profiles because it can, for example, adapt to both an individual (beware of his tendency to be possessive), a household with children, and a retired couple.


French Bulldog In The Apartment

These little Molossians can live very comfortably in an apartment. He is relatively calm, especially when he is fully grown, and does not need to let off steam. This dog can be content with a small living space.

A house with a garden is also suitable for him. However, you should be careful not to leave it outside in hot spells or the middle of winter. Because of its flat muzzle and the lack of an undercoat, it is not particularly tough.

Since this dog is also a very poor swimmer and has a great tendency to submerge, it can be dangerous to have a watering hole around it.


This brachycephalic breed (with a flat muzzle) is not suitable for intense physical activity. Nevertheless, this small, stocky dog ​​needs daily exercise to develop fully.

This dog’s musculature and solid bones must be maintained, and moderate physical activity is essential for this small dog who can quickly become overweight when inadequately challenged.


The French bulldog’s small size might make it easier to transport, but in reality, it is not a travel dog for two simple reasons:

For one thing, the weight of dogs that can be easily transported on trains at a low cost is limited to 7 kg, but this stout little dog usually weighs around 10 kg, even if it doesn’t look like it.

Second, the flat muzzle of this brachycephalic dog means that he has severe breathing problems. Therefore, he would not feel comfortable in narrow, poorly ventilated rooms, as one often finds in common means of transport.


French Bulldog and Cats

If the French bulldog is used to treat cats from an early age, it can live with them without any problems. As a puppy, she shows herself to be playful towards them; as an adult animal, more distant and sometimes even indifferent.

French Bulldog and Dogs

This little dog is charming with people, but he is not very friendly with his fellow dogs. His strong bond with his social group results in him having a possessive character that makes it difficult to share with others.

For coexistence with conspecifics to be harmonious, it is vital that the dogs grow up together and that early and healthy socialization occurs.

Beware of non-neutered males – they cannot stand the presence of dogs of the same sex. The French bulldog is belligerent and brave by nature and will not hesitate to provoke a fight.

French bulldog with children

This small, muscular dog loves children, likes to make his viewers laugh, and especially appreciates the attention the little ones show him.

However, you should still be careful to always exercise a certain degree of caution: children must respect the dog to avoid any arguments.

Sometimes, you have to intervene to end the game because this playful dog can quickly become overexcited.

Suitable For Seniors

Because this dog requires little grooming or intense physical activity, it is perfect for elderly people.

Plus, his fear of loneliness fits perfectly with homeowners who are more home than working professionals.

French Bulldog Prize

The price of a French Bulldog varies based on its origin, age, and gender. A bulldog with a studbook entry costs between $1,000 and $7,000. However, the most valuable lineages can be sold for up to $12,000.

The monthly budget you have to plan to provide the bulldog with everything it needs and buy its premium food can cost upwards of $600.

Grooming a French Bulldog

Grooming your French bulldog is not tricky, but it does need to be performed frequently. It is insufficient to brush the dog once a week to keep its short coat shiny.

You also have to make sure to regularly care for your ears, eyes, and skin folds.

A little tip: After cleaning and drying the skin folds, it is advisable to use petroleum jelly. It protects your dog’s skin. 

Remember to apply some of it on its snout, which can sometimes crack and be quite uncomfortable for your dog.

Hair Loss

Hair loss in this dog is not severe, but it is present year-round. In autumn and spring, it is intensified by the change of coat, and daily brushing is then necessary to remove the fallen hair.

Diet French Bulldog

Whether the French bulldog is fed scraps of food, raw food, or processed foods, the important thing is to find a diet that will allow the dog to maintain and stay healthy at their healthy weight.

To prevent the little dog from becoming overweight, you are advised to feed him at a fixed time and place once a day. It is best to feed it in the evening so that it can digest in peace overnight.

It is absolutely to be avoided to give this dog a full bowl of food, give him something to eat between meals, or give in to his (sometimes rather intrusive) begging attempts while eating.

French Bulldog Life Expectancy and Diseases

The general life expectancy of the French bulldog is about ten years.


Several weak points reduce this dog’s resilience: its flat muzzle, which leads to breathing difficulties, its spine, which also suffers from compression, and the lack of an undercoat that does not protect it from bad weather are just a few of its weaknesses.

Heat Tolerance

Brachycephalic breeds are troubled by heat, and unfortunately, too often, heatstroke is fatal for them.

You should never leave a flat-muzzled dog in a narrow, insufficiently ventilated area, even if the temperature is not too high.

For example, in a car, a few rays of sunlight are enough to turn it into a real stove. This is especially dangerous for dogs that cannot regulate their body temperature efficiently.

Cold Tolerance

The lack of an undercoat, coupled with having a short topcoat, gives this small, stocky dog ​​only a little protection from the cold or wet. Therefore, a bulldog should never be allowed to sleep outside.

It Tends to Be Overweight.

This dog is very fond of eating and is not too athletic or even wholly unsportsmanlike. It is, therefore, important to watch his diet and give him consistent daily rations. You also have to make sure that you provide him with a diet tailored to his physical condition.

Also, treats must be given sparingly during parenting training. Irregular intervals between meals should be avoided.