The Top 10 Most Venomous Snakes In The World

Snakes are mysterious, treacherous, surprisingly agile beings.

According to various herpetologist scientists, the list of 10 most venomous snakes is also different,

but all of the snakes mentioned here are incredibly dangerous.

There are over three thousand species of snakes around the world.

About six hundred of them are poisonous snakes, and of these, only fifty are deadly to humans from these six hundred.

1. The Inland Taipan

The Inland Taipan

The most dangerous land snake on earth lives in Australia: the inland taipan ( Oxyuranus microlepidotus).

This poisonous snake occurs in the Australian state of West Queensland.

The snake is about 50 times more venomous than an Indian cobra.

The venom administered in a single bite is theoretically enough to kill 230 adult humans or 250,000 mice.

The up to three meters long, brown poisonous snake is actually shy and tries to escape first.

But in a situation that is hopeless for her, she attacks.

The inland taipan can change its color: in summer it is lighter in order to reflect radiant energy from the sun, in winter it is darker in order to be able to absorb more of the vital solar heat.

Your closest relative, the coastal taipan, is also very poisonous.

The coastal taipan lives in northern and eastern Australia in coastal areas and in Papua New Guinea.

The “Eastern Brown Snake ” ( Pseudonaja textilis), also found in Australia, is considered the second most poisonous snake in the world.

Contrary to what its name suggests, it can be found almost all over the southern continent.

The largest specimens of this species found so far reached a body length of 2.4 meters.

Their poison is only marginally weaker than that of inland Taipan.

She reacts very nervously and aggressively and also bites repeatedly.

This snake can release up to 110 mg of venom per bite.

The poison obtained in just one bite is therefore sufficient to kill 250,000 mice or more than 100 people.

The poison of inland taipan interferes with blood clotting but can also lead to the destruction of red blood cells and muscle tissue.

The inland taipan can grow up to two and a half meters.

On average, however, it “only” reaches a length of 1.80 meters.

In addition to its particularly deadly neurotoxic poison, the inland taipan has another special feature: As the only snake in Australia, the inland taipan can change its color.

This has the advantage that it is better camouflaged in summer due to its lighter color.

In winter, on the other hand, its dark-colored scales absorb the sunlight better, and so it can keep warm better.

Even though inland taipan is particularly toxic, it is not particularly dangerous to humans.

So far, not a single death has officially been attributed to this venomous snake.

The inland taipan seems to prefer its favorite prey, the Australian longhair rat, in which it specializes, to humans and skilfully avoids us bipeds.

2. Tiger Snake

Tiger Snake

It is native to the south of Australia and reaches a body length of up to 1.5 meters, making it slightly larger than the common tiger.

Its venom is considered to be very dangerous and, although it is not aggressive, it often comes with people in touch the deadly, dose, is 0.1: 3 1 milligram per kilogram to kill an average person weighing 150 Ibs.

It takes 9.17 milligrams of poison, a venomous snake administered with a single one usually bite far more than the lethal, dose.

Some species have an even higher amount of poison.

For example, being bitten by a black tiger snake that injects over 1000 mg of venom usually leads to death if not treated immediately, there is, however, an antidote.

3. Black-Banded Sea Krait

Sea Krait

Here we have another sea snake.

Sea snakes are often particularly poisonous, which is why some of them are included in this list.

This species is found in the pacific ocean’s warm waters, predominantly near coral reefs.

A fully grown Sea Krait snake can be up to 170 cm long. Their venom is extremely dangerous.

However, the snake is considered to be non-aggressive and will generally only attack when it feels threatened.

The deadly dose of poison is 0.1 – 1 milligram per kilogram.

4. The Black Mamba

Black Mamba

Strictly speaking, the black mamba is not black; its color ranges from greenish-brown to gray.

On the other hand, the inside of her mouth is black, and she uses this rare and conspicuous signal color to deter potential opponents.

After the king cobra, it is the second-longest venomous snake globally and the longest in Africa at more than four meters.

Not only does it have a particularly deadly, neurotoxic poison, it can also reach speeds of over 20 kilometers per hour.

Like all snakes, the black mamba prefers to avoid people. Nevertheless, dangerous conflict situations arise again and again.

Especially when the female snakes are looking for a place to lay their eggs in early summer.

Due to its length, the black mamba likes to climb treetops, which frequently leads to encounters with people during the fruit harvest.

If left untreated, their poison leads to death in humans within 15 minutes.

It is responsible for several hundred deaths in Africa every year.

The black mamba is native to South and East Africa and lives mainly in wooded savannah areas.

5. Chill rattlesnake

Chill rattlesnake

The chill rattlesnake is the only rattlesnake found primarily in South America, namely in Mexico, Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina, Peru, and Guyana.

It is considered the most poisonous rattlesnake.

Since there are many subspecies of the shower rattlesnake, the composition and the effects of the poison are quite different.

The shower rattlesnake Crotalus durissus terifficus is particularly feared.

While someone else’s bite is often treatable, the likelihood of dying from their venom is up to 75% (if left untreated).

In addition, their poison is known to cause visual disturbances and (permanent) blindness.

6. Common Lance Viper

Viper

The common lance viper (Bothrops atrox) belongs to the genus “American lance viper” and to the family of vipers.

The lance viper has very strong venom and a large amount of venom per bite.

Due to its widespread use in Latin America, its closeness to people, and its aggressive behavior when it feels threatened, it is considered particularly dangerous.

It likes to roam banana and coffee plantations to track down small rodents between the plants.

In the past, their bite often led to death. Nowadays, it can be treated well if the antidote is administered in good time.

7. The King cobra

King Cobra

The king cobra’s venom is not as effective as that of other snakes in Asia, but it is not to be ignored or downplayed because she administers an incredible amount of poison to her victim.

This can be deadly as well as a small amount of more potent poison.

The king cobra is not very aggressive and shy as long as you don’t get too close to its nest.

Like the spectacled snake, snake charmers like to use it for “tricks.”

Strictly biologically speaking, the famous king cobra is not a cobra at all but is related to the kraits.

Tourists usually only see the world’s longest venomous snake, which is up to five and a half meters long, when it is summoned. Encounters are rare in the wild.

The snakes are mainly found in open grasslands, but because they are just as good climbers as swimmers, they sometimes penetrate into urban areas.

The king cobra is both diurnal and nocturnal and can be found in almost all Southeast Asian countries.

8. Egyptian cobra

Egyptian cobra

The third most powerful cobra venom is produced by the uraeus snake or also called the Egyptian cobra.

She likes to be near villages because there are often rats and chickens on her menu.

The uraeus serpent is rather calm in spirit and flees when you meet it. But she also bites when she feels cornered.

The Egyptian cobra is distributed over large parts of the coastal region of North Africa and in numerous countries in Central Africa, it is considered to be the most widespread snake in Africa.

It has a very strong poison, so for a person who weighs 150 Ibs about 15 mg of the poison is already fatal.

The main part of the poison is a nerve poison (neurotoxin), which acts on the endplates of the synapses.

The synapses are the smallest gaps between the nerve cells and between nerve and muscle cells

9. Common Brown Snake

Perhaps the common brown snake is the most dangerous snake in the world; its toxicity in any case only ranks second.

However, it is extremely aggressive.

The eastern or common brown snake (Pseudonaja textilis) is considered to be particularly dangerous because it reacts extremely nervously with every encounter, with the result that it bites fairly frequently.

It always becomes dangerous when she lays her body in an S-shape.

Then it bites extremely quickly and usually four or five times.

The most common predators of the common brown snake are, first and foremost, various birds of prey, which have specialized in hunting and eating smaller species of snakes.

The best-known representative of this species is the Australian gliding hair, which belongs to the hawk family.

Larger species of monitor lizards also have the common brown snake on their menu, as do the notorious saltwater crocodiles and other crocodile species.

The crocodiles naturally strike at the venomous snake when it is in the immediate vicinity of a body of water. That because the big lizards are well protected from the poison by their thick shell and therefore do not need to fear the snake’s poison bite.

 

10. Copperhead rattlesnake

Radiated copperhead snake 

The real vipers and otters (Viperidae) are native to both Europe and Asia.

The chain viper (Daboia russelli), whose dark ring-shaped pattern clearly stands out from its ocher-colored to brown skin, is Asia’s most dangerous venomous snake.

The aspis viper (Vipera aspis) is considered to be the real European venomous snake, as it can only be found in Europe. She is at home in Central and Southern Europe.

The adder (Vipera berus), the only venomous snake that can also be found in Germany, also belongs to this subfamily.

The diurnal animals can reach a length of up to 1.7 m.

They warn of a threat with a loud hiss and they flatten their necks and pose to attack.

The Australian copperheads rarely defend themselves and most often they prefer to carry out sham attacks.

The snake often slithers in the direction of the attacker with its mouth closed.

These snakes have a relatively small amount of toxins and the strength of the poison is not very high either.

 

Conclusion

Many people’s fear of snakes is justified. Every year five million people are bitten by snakes, and around 50,000 people die as a result of a snake bite.

Snake venom consists of a complex mixture of proteins and polypeptides which can have either a poisonous or a digestive effect.

The poisonous substances are called toxins, the digestive substances are called enzymes.

In the tropics and subtropics, poisonous snakes pose a significant health risk.

Here, the venomous snakes often live in close proximity to villages, settlements or fields, and plantations.

The food supply for snakes is often particularly high in the vicinity of human settlements.